I utilize quantitative, qualitative and collaborative methods to understand the heterogeneity of Indigenous and local knowledge and practice at specific points in time and/or over time. Depending on context, my research is either deductive or inductive, engaging larger or smaller sample sizes where appropriate.

I am interested in participatory processes for conducting applied research that aim to reach mutually agreed upon goals. My work attempts to step beyond ethnographic description by using a problem-oriented lens that addresses topics with management implications, especially in the ancestral lands of Indigenous peoples. This lens necessitates a context-specific approach that rigorously assesses the ecological, political, and economic dynamics of an area at a particular point in time. It also accepts the continual processes of adaptation and change inherent in any people-land relationship.